Fracture fixation technology plays an important role in emergency treatment. Timely and correct fixation plays an important role in preventing shock, preventing wound infection and preventing nerve, blood vessel, bone, soft tissue from being damaged again.
The first aid fixed equipment is often used for fracture fixation outside the hospital, such as all kinds of 2-3 cm thick wood, bamboo pole, bamboo slice, branch, stick, cardboard, gun, bayonet, and the healthy (lower) limb of the injured person, etc., which can be used as fixation substitutes.
Fixation of cervical vertebra fracture can keep the head and neck of the injured person in a straight line with the trunk; place the wooden board under the head to buttocks, pad the neck and head sides of the injured person with cotton cloth and clothes to prevent left and right swing; then fix the forehead, shoulder, upper chest and buttocks on the board with bandage or cloth tape to make it stable.
The clavicle fracture was fixed with bandage in the shape of 8 on the back of shoulder, and the forearm was suspended on the neck with triangular towel or wide cloth.
For humeral fracture fixation, 2-3 substitute splints were used to fix the affected limb, and triangular towel and cloth were used to suspend it on the neck.
Two pieces of wood, longer than the elbow joint, are used for fixation of forearm fracture. They are placed on both sides of forearm palm and back respectively, and then tied up and held up with cloth belt or triangular towel.
Two pieces of wood were used to fix the femur fracture. It is placed in the front and back of the thigh as long as the waist, and the ankle joint is fixed together to prevent the fracture dislocation caused by the movement of these two parts.
Lower leg fracture fixation fibula fracture in the absence of fixed materials, the affected limb can be fixed on the healthy limb.
Five strategies of fracture fixation
1. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) should be performed in patients with respiratory and cardiac arrest; hemostasis should be performed in patients with hemorrhagic shock, and fixation should be carried out after the condition is fundamentally improved.
2. When fixing outside the hospital, the deformity caused by the fracture should not be restored. The broken end of the fracture should not be returned to the wound, as long as it is properly fixed.
3. The splint of substitute should be longer than the joints of both ends and fixed together. Splint should be smooth, splint close to the skin side, it is best to cushion up and wrap both ends.
4. It should not be loose, tight and firm.
5. When fixing the limbs, the fingers (toes) should be exposed as much as possible to observe whether there is purple, swelling, pain, blood circulation disorder, etc.
What does fracture eat to the body good?
1. Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables;
2. Appropriate to eat some green pepper, tomato, amaranth, vegetables, cabbage, radish and other vitamin C rich vegetables, in order to promote the growth of bone callus and wound healing.
3. Supplement zinc, iron, manganese and other trace elements. Animal liver, seafood, soybean, sunflower seed and mushroom contain more zinc; animal liver, eggs, beans, green leaf vegetables, wheat flour contain more iron; oatmeal, mustard, egg yolk, cheese contain more manganese.
Fracture had better not eat what food?
(1) Avoid blind calcium supplement. For the patients who are lying in bed after fracture, blind calcium supplement is not beneficial and may be harmful.
(2) Avoid eating more meat bones. Some people think that eating more meat bones after fracture can make fracture early healing. In fact, the practice of modern medicine has proved that fracture patients eat more meat and bone, not only can not early healing, but also can delay the healing time of fracture.
(3) Avoid partial food.
(4) Avoid eating taro, taro, glutinous rice and other easily flatulent or indigestible food.
(5) It is forbidden to drink less water for bedridden fracture patients, especially those with spinal, pelvic and lower limb fractures. They are very inconvenient to move. Therefore, they should drink less water as much as possible to reduce the frequency of urination. In this way, although the frequency of urination is reduced, more troubles also arise. If bedridden patient activity is little, bowel peristalsis is weakened, coupled with the decrease of drinking water, it is easy to cause constipation. Long term bed rest * urine retention is also easy to induce urinary calculi and urinary tract infections. Therefore, bedridden fracture patients want to drink water, do not have to worry about.
(6) Avoid overeating white sugar. After taking in a large amount of white sugar, it will cause the rapid metabolism of glucose, and then produce intermediate substances such as pyruvic acid and lactic acid, which will make the body in an acid poisoning state. At this time, alkaline calcium, magnesium, sodium plasma, will be immediately mobilized to participate in neutralization, in order to prevent the blood acid. Such a large consumption of calcium will not be conducive to the rehabilitation of fracture patients. At the same time, too much white sugar will also reduce the content of vitamin B1 in the body, because vitamin B1 is an essential substance when sugar is converted into energy in the body. Vitamin B1 deficiency greatly reduces the activity of nerve and muscle, and also affects the recovery of function. Therefore, fracture patients should not eat too much sugar.