Health knowledge

Can obesity lead to hypertension? What diseases can long-term obesity lead to?

Nowadays, diseases caused by obesity also affect the health of many people, so what diseases will obesity lead to? Does obesity lead to high blood pressure? Let's learn more about it.

Common causes of obesity

1. Genetic factors

The influence of genetic factors on obesity is mainly through increasing the body's susceptibility to obesity. Obese people often have a clear family history.

2. Endocrine factors

It includes hypothalamus, pituitary diseases, Cushing's syndrome, hypothyroidism, hypogonadism and polycystic ovary syndrome.

3. Mode

Unhealthy lifestyle can cause obesity, including: ① excessive diet; ② abnormal eating behavior (food type, eating frequency, time, etc.); ③ too little exercise; ④ drinking.

4. Drug factors

Long term use of glucocorticoid, chlorpromazine and insulin can cause obesity, which is iatrogenic obesity.

5. Adipocytokines

The discovery of endocrine function of adipocytes is one of the major advances in endocrinology in recent years. At present, adiponectin, resistin, leptin and tumor necrosis factor - α are widely studied. They are involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance, lipid metabolism disorder and abnormal glucose metabolism. They are also the pathogenesis of obesity.

Does obesity lead to high blood pressure

Obesity can lead to high blood pressure, mainly due to the fat in the body of a large number of deposits, expand the vascular bed, blood circulation is relatively increased, in the case of normal heart rate, the heart rate will increase a lot, long-term overload, the left ventricular wall will be thickened, leading to increased blood pressure.

In addition, obese people generally accompanied by hyperinsulinemia, so that the blood sodium accumulation is too much, which is one of the causes of obesity induced hypertension. Another reason for obesity is hypertension, which is the hyperadrenocortical hyperactivity of obese people, which can cause * retention of water and sodium. It also exacerbates the rise in blood pressure.

What diseases can obesity have

1. Diabetes

The researchers found that because too many fat cells need the pancreas to secrete too much insulin to convert sugar into energy in the blood. When the pancreas is overloaded, its function will be weakened, so the sugar content in the blood increases and can not be fully utilized and discharged from the body.

2. Hypertension

People with high blood pressure, the heart will work harder than healthy people. The heavier the weight, the more likely they are to develop high blood pressure. Even with mild hypertension, before the age of 65, the risk of stroke is three times higher than that of people with normal blood pressure, so the number of deaths will be 1 times higher.

3. Liver disease

Obesity is due to the accumulation of fat in the liver, thus forming fatty liver, also known as fatty liver deformation. Serious is, fatty liver still can further worsen, cause hepatitis, liver cirrhosis disease.

4. Respiratory diseases

Obesity can hinder respiratory system breathing, obese people sleep apnea rate is 25-30 times.

5. Dermatosis

Dermatology experts point out: because fat people sweat more, it will damage the original function of skin to prevent infection. Fat people are prone to eczema, rash, scabies and other skin diseases.

6. Cancer

Obese people are more likely to suffer from colon cancer, and obesity will also affect your reproductive organs. Male obese people are prone to prostate cancer, while female obese people are prone to endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer.

7. Kidney disease

The kidney filters the body's blood about 25 times a day to remove waste and toxins from the blood and maintain a balance of salt, water and other substances. Kidney experts say that being overweight can easily damage the main organs of the body.

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