What diseases do you fear the most in the world? I believe most people will say that cancer and AIDS. Cancer is not always claimed to be killing people, but AIDS is now increasing incidence rate, and it is rising rapidly. The spread of AIDS is very alarming, and the trend of youth is extremely obvious, so many people are afraid of this disease, so do you know how to prevent it? Here are some things about AIDS.
Research and development of HIV drugs
AIDS in this world is no drug can be solved, no drug can be cured. Therefore, prevention has become the most critical way. So you know what? Recently, the University of Hong Kong has successfully developed drugs that can eliminate and prevent HIV. According to the researchers, they developed an antibody drug through genetic engineering technology, which can effectively inhibit HIV. This research should be proved by experiments in mice. This research and development let many AIDS patients see hope.
In fact, the harm of AIDS is very big, because many talents will go to develop AIDS drugs. But you know what? A lot of people for AIDS or do not understand, that once contact will be infected, so the following want to understand some common sense of AIDS.
1. AIDS is easy to die
Many people think that HIV infection will soon lead to death, which is not the case. The incubation period of AIDS varies from person to person, and the onset time is also different. Therefore, once infected with AIDS, it should be actively treated.
2. Hugging is contagious
In our life, we occasionally see AIDS patients begging for hugs on the street, many people are afraid to go, that AIDS contact will be infectious. In fact, hugging AIDS patients will not be infected, AIDS is mainly transmitted through sexual life and blood.
3. Eating together can infect AIDS
In the eyes of many people, eating with AIDS people will be infected. In fact, eating with AIDS or kissing is not contagious, because saliva does not infect HIV, but has the effect of inhibition.
AIDS prevention methods
① Infection source management: high risk should be regularly tested for HIV antibody, medical and health departments should report the infected person in time, and popularize HIV related knowledge to the infected person, so as to avoid infecting others. The blood, body fluid and secretion of the infected person should be disinfected.
② Cut off the route of transmission: avoid unsafe sexual behavior, prohibit sexual promiscuity, ban prostitutes. Strict screening of blood supply personnel, strict inspection of blood products, promotion of the use of disposable syringes. It is strictly forbidden to inject drugs, especially to share needles. Do not share dental appliances or razors. Not to the informal hospital for examination and treatment.
③ Protection of vulnerable groups: promote pre marital and pre pregnancy physical examination. Pregnant women with HIV positive should be blocked from mother to child. Including obstetric intervention (termination of pregnancy, cesarean section) + antiviral drugs + artificial feeding. Medical staff should strictly follow the medical operation procedures to avoid occupational exposure. After occupational exposure, the wound should be squeezed to the distal end immediately, and the blood at the injury site should be squeezed as much as possible, and then the wound should be washed with soap solution and flowing water; when the mucous membrane such as eyes is polluted, a large amount of normal saline should be used to wash the mucosa repeatedly; 75% alcohol or 0.5% Iodophor should be used to disinfect the wound, and bandaging should not be used as far as possible. Then ask the infectious disease specialist immediately.
AIDS is a chronic, progressive and fatal infectious disease, which needs professional training of nursing staff. In addition to HIV, it also includes the nursing of complications. In addition to paying attention to the disinfection and isolation of HIV, respiratory tract, body fluid and contact isolation should be done according to different pathogens of patients' complications. Strict aseptic operation, strict disinfection and isolation; gloves, masks or protective glasses, isolation clothes and self-protection should be worn when contacting blood and body fluids of patients.
In addition, according to the different clinical symptoms of AIDS patients, such as fever, diarrhea, skin diseases, respiratory symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms and so on, different nursing.
Psychological nursing: AIDS patients not only have to face the torture of the disease, the threat of death, but also bear the pressure and discrimination from society and family, so they often have abnormal emotions and even suicidal tendency. This requires strengthening psychological care. Closely observe the psychological changes of patients, pay attention to listen to patients, establish a good relationship of trust, and help them build up confidence and hope for life.
Family care: AIDS is a controllable chronic infectious disease, family members should understand the transmission mode of AIDS, how to prevent and control the basic information, give spiritual support to patients, help them to establish confidence in life. At the same time, pay attention to self-protection to prevent the further spread of HIV.